Kuliscioff, Anna

REVOLUTIONARY, FEMINIST (RUSSIAN EMPIRE)
BORN c1855, Moskaya - DIED 27 Dec 1925, Milano, Lombardia
REAL NAME Rozenstein, Anja Moiseevna
GRAVE LOCATION Milano, Lombardia: Cimitero Monumentale, Piazzale Cimitero Monumentale (Circondante di levante, giardino 575 )

Anna Kuliscioff was born between 1854 and 1857 as Anja Rozenstein. She was the daughter of a priviliged Russian Jewish merchant. After a private education she studied from 1871 at the Polytechnic School in Zurich. She was influenced by anarchists and revolutionaries and in 1873 she abandoned her studies and married Pyotr Marcelovich Macarevich. They returned to Russia, where their revolutionary activities landed her husband in prison 1874 for five years. Anna fled to Kiev and Charkov before she went to Paris in 1877. Her husband died in prison. There she became a follower of Bakunin ans was in a relationship with the Italian Andrea Costa for five years.

During her time in Paris she invented the name Kuliscioff. She was imprisoned but she was released after an intervention by Turgenev. she went to Italy with Costa, where they were both imprisoned in 1879. After they were aquitted and released and they went to Lugano where they founded the International Socialist Review. In 1881 their daughter Andreina was born. Their relationship ended when she moved to Switzerland to study and in 1884 she moved on to Naples for health reasons. In 1885 she graduated as Doctor of Medicine. She opened a medical pratice in Milan but closed it in 1891 because of ill health and the desire to concentrate on politics. She had met Filippo Turati (1857-1932) in Naples in 1885 and they lived and worked together for 25 years. In 1889 they had founded the Milan Socialist League. they lived in an appartment above the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II where they recieved socialists, feminists and ordinary people. In 1902 she successfully lobbied for a law that protected women and children. In 1912 she founded the publication "Difesa La delle Lavoratrice". She died in 1925 in Milan.

Images

The grave of Anna Kuliscioff at the Cimitero Monumentale, Milano.
Picture by Androom (22 Feb 2019)

 

Sources
Anna Kuliscioff - Wikipedia
Anna Kuliscioff | Jewish Women's Archive


Kümmel, Heinrich

Published: 29 Jun 2019
Last update: 22 Dec 2019