Haase, Hugo

BORN 29 Sep 1863, Allenstein, Ostpreußen - DIED 7 Nov 1919, Berlin
CAUSE OF DEATH assault (consequences of)
GRAVE LOCATION Berlin: Städtischer Zentralfriedhof Friedrichsfelde, Gudrunstrasse, Lichtenberg (Near or at the Gedenkstätte der Sozialisten)

Hugo Haase was the son of the Jewish shoemaker Nathan Haase and his wife Pauline. He attended the gymnasium in Rastenburg and studied law in Königsberg. In 1887 he joined the SPD and he started practising as a lawyer, mostly defending people from lower classes. He was a member of the Reichtstag for the party from 1897 to 1907.

In 1907 he defended Karl Liebknecht who was accused of high treason. In 1911 he became chairman of the SPD together with August Bebel and after Bebel's death in 1913 he joined the chair with Friedrich Ebert. In 1914 he followed the party line and voted in favour of an increase in war loans although he was strongly opposed to it.

In 1917 he became the chairman of the new Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD). In 1918 he joined the provisional government, but he left it on 29 December after Ebert ordered the bloody suppression of the Volksmarinedivision. In January 1909 his party scored only 7% in the vote for the National Assembly. On 8 October 1919 he was shot by Johann Voss when he entered the Reichstag building. He was seriously wounded and died on 7 November. Voss was declared insane soon afterwards.

Related persons
• cooperated with Bebel, August
• worked for Liebknecht, Karl


The grave of Hugo Haasse at the Gedenstätte der Sozialisten, Städtischer Zentralfriedhof Friedrichsfelde, Berlin.
Picture by Androom (14 Nov 2004)


Habe, Hans

Published: 30 Sep 2018
Last update: 03 Jan 2022