Condorcet, Sophie de

BORN 8 Apr 1764, Meulan, Yvelines - DIED 8 Sep 1822, Paris
BIRTH NAME De Grouchy, Marie Louise Sophie
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 10, ligne 01)

Sophie de Condorcet was the daughter of François-Jacques de Grouchy, 1st Marquis de Grouchy, a page of king Louis XV. Marshal Emmanuel de Grouchy was her brother. In 1786 she married the philosopher and mathematician Nicolas de Condorcet. He was twice her age, but they shared intellectual interrest and it was a happy marriage.

Sophie started a salon at the Hôtel des Monnaies in Paris opposite the Louvre. She was visited by Thomas Jefferson, Adam Smith, Turgot, Pierre Baumarchais, Olympe de Gouges, Germain de Staël and many others. Her husband denounced the new Jacobin constitution and went into hiding. Sophie visited him secretly. She filed for divorce so that their property wouldn't be confiscated. Condorcet was discovered and arrested. He died under unclear circumstances.

She was left penniless because the divorce wasn't finalised before his death. She opened a shop and halted her work as an author. In 1794 she published a translation of Adam Smith's "Theory of Moral Sentiments" and this became the standard translation in France for twenty years. She also translated work by Thomas Paine. Between 1801 and 1804 she published her husband's compete work in 21 volumes. She continued her salon and during the empire it was a meeting place for opponents of the regime. She died in 1822 in Paris.

Related persons
• translated work by Smith, Adam


The grave of Sophie de Grouchy, marquise de Condorcet at Père Lachaise, Paris.
Picture by Androom (02 Nov 2018)


Sophie de Condorcet - Wikipedia

Conrad von Hötzendorff, Franz

Published: 17 Jan 2021
Last update: 01 Apr 2021