|WRITER, BIOGRAPHER (FRANCE)|
BORN 26 Jul 1885, Elbeuf, Seine-Maritime - DIED 9 Oct 1967, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine|
REAL NAME Herzog, Émile Salomon Wilhelm
GRAVE LOCATION Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine: Cimetière Ancien, 3 Rue Victor Noir (division 03)
André Maurois was born as Émile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog into a rich family of textile merchants. He was educated in Rouen and influenced by the philosopher Alain (Émile-Auguste Chartier).
During the First World War he served in the French army as well as in the British Army. His first novel "Les silences du colonel Bramble" (1918) was an instant success in France as well as in England.
Many of his books were translated in English and he wrote biographies about British persons like Byron (1930), Shelley (1923) and Disraeli (1928). He also wrote about George Sand (1952), Victor Hugo (1954) and Marcel Proust (1949). In 1938 he was elected into the Académie française.
At the start of World War II he became a French Official Observer in England and in 1940 he was sent on a mission by the French Govermant that was cut short by the French capitulation. During the war he served in the Free French Forces. In 1947 his pen name André Maurois became his official name.
wrote about Byron, George Noel Gordon
wrote about Proust, Marcel
wrote about Shelley, Percy Bysshe