Bonaparte, Élisa

BORN 3 Jan 1777, Ajaccio, Corse-du-Sud - DIED 6 Aug 1820, Villa Vicentina, Friuli-Venezia Giulia: castle Villa Vicentina (near Trieste)
BIRTH NAME Bonaparte, Marie-Anne Elisa
GRAVE LOCATION Bologna, Emilia-Romagna: Basilica San Petronio (Cappella di S. Giacomo)

Elisa Bonaparte was a younger sister of Napoleon Bonaparte. She was educated at the Maison royale de Saint-Louis at Saint-Cyr. It was closed in 1792 and she returend to Corsica until the family settled in Marseille in 1795. On 1 Aug 1797 she married the Corsican nobleman Felice Pasquale Baciocchi who had lost his rank after the French revolution. In 1799 they settled in Paris at 125 rue de Miromesnil. In 1805 she separated from her husband, but he soon returned to her.

Napoleon gave her and her husband the Principality of Piombino in March 1805 and in June the small republic of Lucca was added to her posessions. She was now princess of Lucca. In 1806 Massa and Carrara were given to her as well by her brother. In 1809 Napoleon made her Grand Duchess of Tuscany, but only with limited powers. Her relation with her brother became difficult when he wasn't satisfied with her execution of his orders. In 1813 she was forced to abdicate and the Austrians captured Lucca soon afterwards.

After Napoleon's downfall in 1814 she was arrested and imprisoned in the fortress of Brünn. By August she was released and relocated to Trieste with the title of Countess of Compignano. She bought a country house in Villa Vicentina. In 1820 she fell ill and she died there. She was buried in Bologna.

• Husband: Baciocchi, Felice Pasquale, prince of Lucca and Piombino (1797-1820)

Related persons
• is brother/sister of Napoleon I Bonaparte
• had a love affair with Paganini, Niccolò


The grave monument of Elisa Bonaparte and Felix Baciocchi at the Basilica San Petronio in Bologna.
Picture by Androom (19 Feb 2019)


The grave monument of Elisa Bonaparte at the Basilica San Petronio in Bologna.
Picture by Androom (19 Feb 2019)


• Vanoyeke, Violaine, Les Bonaparte, Criterion, Paris, 1991
Elisa Bonaparte - Wikipedia

Bonaparte, Jérôme

Published: 02 Mar 2019
Last update: 31 Jan 2024