Beauharnais, Eugène Rose de, Duke of Leuchtenberg

NOBLEMAN, OFFICER (FRANCE)
BORN 3 Sep 1781, Paris - DIED 21 Feb 1824, München
GRAVE LOCATION München, Bayern: Michaelskirche

Son of Alexandre and Joséphine de Beauharnais. He saw action in the Vendée before he joined his mother's new husband Napoleon Bonaparte as aide-de-camp. He followed Napoleon to Italy and Egypt. Napoleon adopted him and in 1804 he became a member of the imperial family, allthough not heir to the throne. In 1806 he married Amalia Augusta of Bavaria.

He was viceroy of Italy from 105 until 1815. Napoleon put him in command of the Italian army and allthough he lost a battle at Sacile, the Austrians were beaten at the Battle of Raab in 1809. He also fought at the Battle of Wagram.

In 1812 he joined Napoleon in Russia and in 1813 he fought at Lützen. Afterwards Napoleon sent him back to Italy to organize the defense against the Austrians. After Napoleon abdicated in 1814 he withdrew to Munich according to the wishes of Maximilian I of Bavaria, his father-in-law. During the 100 Days in 1815 he didn't rejoin Napoleon. In 1817 Maximilian I made him Duke of Leuchtenberg.

Family
• Mother: Beauharnais, Joséphine de
• Sister: Beauharnais, Hortense de

Related persons
• employed Klenze, Leo von
• was adopted by Napoleon I Bonaparte

Sources
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Wikipedia (English)

Images

The tomb of Eugène de Beauharnais at the Michaelskirche, Munich.
Picture by Androom (20 Aug 1994)

 


Beauharnais, Hortense de

Published: 24 Mar 2008
Last update: 24 Mar 2008