Friedrich-Materna, Amalie

BORN 10 Jul 1847, St. Georgen, Steiermark - DIED 18 Jan 1918, Wien
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Zentralfriedhof, Simmeringer Hauptstraße 234, Simmering (Gruppe 32 A, nummer 41)

Daughter of a schoolteacher. She was raised by her older brother in poor circumstances. After she took singing lessons in Graz she debuted as a soubrette at the Thaliatheater in Graz in "Leichte Kavallerie". She married the opera singer Karl Friedrich and together they were engaged at the Carl-theater in Vienna.

In Vienna, she studied with musical director Proch and in 1869 she debuted at the Hofoper as Selika in Meyerbeer's "Africaine". She worked for the Hofoper until 1894. Richard Wagner met her in Virnna and had a high opinion of her when interpreting his works. He gave her the part of Brünhilde at the first Festspiele in Bayreuth in 1876 and in 1882 she was Kundy in "Parsifal". For weeks before his death in 1883 Wagner wrote her a grateful letter from Venice.

In 1884/1885 she performed in New York. In 1894 she took her leave from the stage as Elisabeth in Wagner's "Tannhäuser". In 1913 she performed one more time, at Wagner's 100th birthday.

Related persons
• worked for Elisabeth von Bayern, Kaiserin von Österreich
• cooperated with Wagner, Richard

13/8/1876Premiere of Wagner's "Ring" in Bayreuth. It was performed from August 13th to August 17th. Many illiustrious persons were present, among them Emperor Wilhelm I of Germany and King Ludwig II of Bavaria. [Richter, Hans][Wagner, Richard][Wilhelm I, emperor of Germany]
16/8/1876Premiere of Richard Wagner's opera "Siegfried" in Bayreuth. "Siegfried" is the third part of his "Ring des Nibelungen" that was fully performed for the first time. [Wagner, Richard]
25/6/1882Wagner's Parsifal is first performed in Bayreuth. Wagner himself conducted the last act of the first performance. It was Wagner's last work and it would be stage another sixteen times that year. [Wagner, Richard]


The grave of Amalia Friedrich-Materna at the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (20 sep 2004)


• Budig, Robert S. et al, Ehrengräber am Wiener Zentralfriedhof, Compress Verlag Wien, Wien
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
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Fries, Jakob Friedrich

Published: 29 Apr 2016
Last update: 29 Apr 2016