Richter, Hans

CONDUCTOR (HUNGARY)
BORN 4 Apr 1843, Raab (now: Györ) - DIED 6 Dec 1916, Bayreuth
GRAVE LOCATION Bayreuth, Bayern: Stadtfriedhof

Richter was the son of the musical conductor of the cathedral of Györ. His mother was the Josephine Csazinsky who sang the part of Venus at the premiere of Richard Wagner's "Tannhäuser" in Vienna in 1857.

Richter studied violin, horn and musical theory at the Conservatory in Vienna and worked as a conductor in Brussel. Wagner hired him to prepare a fair copy of his new opera "The Meistersinger" and he lived for a while with Wagner and Cosima von Bülow in Tribschen where he had a good time because Cosima allowed him to eat as much as he wanted.

Recommended by Wagner, he became assistant to Von Bülow in Munich in 1868. In 1870 he was a witness to the marriage of Wagner and Cosima and as a trumpeter he took part in the original performance of the "Siegfried Idyl". From 1871 to 1875 he was chief conductor in Pest. In 1876 he conducted the world premiere of Wagner's "Ring des Niebelungen". Among the visitors were Anton Bruckner, Franz Liszt, Edvard Grieg, Claude Debussy, Bernard Shaw and many others.

In 1877 he accompanied Wagner to a series of concerts in London and trained the musicians like they had experienced never before. He often worked in London and England afterwards and became a great admirer of Edward Elgar. His annual Richter Concerts were very popular in England. He was the chief conductor of the Wiener Philharmoniker until 1898 and from 1899 to 1911 he held the same position at the Hallé Orchestra in Manchester. From 1885 to 1905 he had also directed the triennial Birmingham Music Festival. On 3 Oct 1900 he conducted the world première of Elgar's "Dream of Gerontius". In 1911 he retired because his eyesight failed him. He died in 1916 in Bayreuth.

Related persons
• supported Fischer, Franz von
• was a friend of Liszt, Cosima
• was a friend of Wagner, Richard

Sources
Wikipedia (English)
Hans Richter | Biography | AllMusic
• Marek, George R., Cosima Wagner, Ein Leben für ein Genie, Knaur, München, 1993
Encyclopedie van de Muziek, 1959

Images

The grave of Hans Richter at the Stadtfriedhof in Bayreuth.
Picture by Androom (24 Jan 2006)

 


Richter, Rotraut

Published: 1 Apr 2006
Last update: 11 Feb 2012