Hoff, Jacobus Henricus van 't

CHEMIST (THE NETHERLANDS)
BORN 30 Aug 1852, Rotterdam - DIED 1 Mar 1911, Berlin: Steglitz
GRAVE LOCATION Berlin: Landeseigener Friedhof Dahlem, Königin-Luise-Straße 57 (Feld 1 (001/296) (Ehrengrab))

Jacobus van 't Hoff was interested in science from an early age. During his schoolyears he was also interested in poetry and Lord Byron was his idol. He studied chemistry in Delft, Leiden, Bon (with Kekulé) and Paris (with Wurtz). He was prmoted in Utrecht in 1874. By that time he was already publishing on organical chemistry. In 1874 he published "La chimie dans l'espace".

He married Johanna Mees in 1878 and they had two children. In 1884 "Études de Dynamique chimique" was published, applying laws of thermodynamics to chemical equilibria. After he lectured in Utrecht he was professor of chemistry, mineralogy and geology in Amsterdam for 18 years. In 1896 he was appointed professor at the Academy of Science in Berlin and he worked there until his death.

He received the first Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1901 for his work on osmotics pressure and chemical equilibrium. He died in 1911 in Berlin of tuberculosis.

Related persons
• admired Byron, George Noel Gordon

Sources
Baedekers Berlin, Baedeker, München, 1996
NRC Handelsblad, Dagbladunie, Rotterdam
• Mende, Hans-Jürgen, Lexicon Berliner Grabstätten, Haude & Spener, 2005

Images

The grave of Jacobus van 't Hoff at the Landeseigener Friedhof Dahlem, Berlin.
Picture by androom (24 Aug 2006)

 


Hoffman, Heinrich

Published: 1 Jan 2013
Last update: 1 Jan 2013