Whistler, James MacNeill
Whistler, James MacNeill
|PAINTER, ETCHER, WRITER (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)|
BORN 11 Jul 1834, Lowell, Massachusetts - DIED 17 Jul 1903, London: 74 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea|
REAL NAME Whistler, James Abbott MacNeill
GRAVE LOCATION London: St. Nicholas' Churchyard, Church Street, Chiswick (At the Northern Wall)
Son of the railway engineer George Washington Whistler and his
second wife Anna Matilda McNeill. James MacNeill Whistler was
a painter with a style related to impressionism as well as symbolism.
He spent some of his childhood years in Russia. In the US he
was discharged from West Point Military Academy for 'deficiency
in chemistry'. Then he worked for a while as a Navy carthographer
and during this period he learned to etch. |
In 1855 he went to Paris and studied under Gleyre. He became friends with Fantin-Latour and met Courbet, by whom his early work was influenced. In 1859 he moved to London and in 1860 he exhibited at the Royal Academy. He behaved like a dandy and moved easily in society. He made friends with people like G.D. Rossetti and Oscar Wilde and it seems that Whistler was a witty as Wilde.
In 1877 Ruskin attacked his "Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Flying Rocket" (now in the Detroit Institute of Arts) and allthough Whistler won the libel process, it resulted in his bankruptcy in 1879. He lived for a year in Venice where he made highly acclaimed etches that also helped him recover financially.
On 11 Aug 1888 he married Beatrix Godwin, the widow of the architect E.W. Godwin with whom Whistler had worked in the past. The marriage was a succes and Whistler became more and more succesful as an artist. From 1886 until 1888 he was President of the Royal Academy of British Painters and from 1898 onwards President of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers. In 1896 Beatrix died.
His "Portrait of Thomas Carlyle" fetched 1000 guineas and his
"Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Painter's Mother" was bought by the French state. Whistler received the Légion d'Honneur.
was a friend of Fantin-Latour, Ignace Henri Jean Théodore
quarreled with Haden, Francis Seymour
met Lee, Vernon
painted Montesquiou-Fezensac, Robert, Comte de
was a friend of Rossetti, Dante Gabriel
has a connection with Ruskin, John
used as a model Spartali Stillman, Marie
1877/5/1: Opening of Grosvenor Gallery, London
It was located at 135-137 New Bond Street and it was founded by Sir Coutts Lindsay, who wanted to exhibit paintings that weren't fit for the nearby located Royal Academy. Burne-Jones, Whistler, Watts, Legros, Moore, Hubert von Herkomer, James Tissot, Millais and Holman Hunt were among those who exhibited. Rossetti refused to cooperate because work by members of the Royal Academy was also exhibited.
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Whelchel, Harriet (ed.), John Ruskin and the Victorian Eye, Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1993
James MacNeill Whistler's grave at St. Nicholas' Churchyard, Chiswick Mall, Chiswick.
Picture by androom (12 Aug 1997)
(1863, Washington D.C.: National Gallery of Art)
'Symphony in White, No. III'.
(1865-1867, Birmingham: The Barber Institute of Fine Arts)
(1873, Washington D.C.: National Gallery of Art)