Lind, James

PHYSICIAN, NATURAL PHILOSOPHER, ASTRONOMER, GEOLOGIST (SCOTLAND)
BORN 17 May 1736, Gorgie, Midlothian - DIED 17 Oct 1812, London

James Lind studied medicine at Edinburgh, then a leading institute in the field of forensic medicine. William Cullen (1710-1790) and Joseph Black were among his tutors.

Lind travelled to India, China and Iceland. He read widely and publshed three papers for the Royal Society. He had been physician to the Royal Household and lived at Windsor after his retirement. He became a part time teacher at Eton where he read Plato with the young Shelley. He also suggested authors like Benjamin Franklin and Condorcet to Shelley. Lind was very much interested in animal electricity and possibly Shelley passed Lind's knowledge on to Mary shelley, who used it for her novel "Frankenstein". In private letters Lind suggested to cure the madness of George III with electrical shocks.

Shelley referred to Lind in two of his poems, "The Revolt of Islam" and "Prince Athanase" (both 1817).

Related persons
• was teacher to Shelley, Percy Bysshe

Sources
• Holmes, Richard, Shelley, The Pursuit, Penguin Books, London, 1987
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Lind, Jenny

Published: 1 Jan 2006
Last update: 11 Jun 2011