|PRODUCER, DIRECTOR (AUSTRIA)|
BORN 8 Sep 1873, Baden (near Wien) - DIED 31 Oct 1943, New York City, New York|
REAL NAME Goldmann, Maximilian
GRAVE LOCATION Hastings-on-the-Hudson, New York: Westchester Hills Cemetery, 400 Saw Mill River Road
Son of Wlhelm and Rosa Goldman (In 1904 the name of the entire
family was changed to Reinhardt). He was educated for banking,
but he took private acting lessons and in 1890 he debuted at
a private stage in Vienna. |
In 1901 he was among the founders of "Schall und Rauch", a small theatre in Berlin. It was renamed to "Kleines Theater" in 1902 and he was the manager from 1903 to 1905. He also became the manager of the "Neue Theater", later renamed to the "Theater am Schiffbauerdamm". In 1905 he founded the acting school "Schauspielschule Berlin" and from 1905 to 1930 he was the manager of the Deutsches Theater. In 1910 he married the actress Else Heims. They had two sons.
Together with Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Richard Strauss, Alfred Roller and Franz Schalk he started the Salzburger Festspiele in 1920. The Festspiele of 1920 opened with Hofmannsthal's "Jedermann" on 22 Aug 1920 at the Domplatz. In 1924 he took over the Theater in de Josefstadt in Vienna and he was its manager until 1933. In 1929 the Max Reinhardt Seminar was founded in Vienna. He tried to divorce Else, but this wasn't possible in Germany. In 1931 he obtained it in Latvia, but only in 1935 it was finalized.
When the nazi's came to power he moved to Austria, but in 1935 he left the Theater in der Josefstadt to prepare for emigration. During the same year he married Helene Thimig during a tour in the USA. The last play he directed at the Salzburger Festspiele was Goethe's "Faust" in 1937. In 1937 he emigrated with Helene to the USA.
He opened the "Max Reinhardt Workshop for Stage, Screen and Radio" in Hollywood and worked there both. After they shut it down in 1941 they moved to New York. Helene was working in California when Reinhardt fell seriously ill. He was attended by Eleonore von Mendelssohn, who was still of again in love with him (many years earlier they had an affair in Berlin). Reinhardt was close to dying when Elisabeth Bergner, a close friend of Eleonore Mendelssohn, sent an anonymous cable to Helene Thimig that told her to 'come at once'. Thimig hurried to New York and was at Reinhardt's bedside before he died on 31 Oct 1943.
Wife: Thimig, Helene
has a connection with Albers, Hans
was a friend of Bahr, Hermann
directed Bergner, Elisabeth
cooperated with Dagover, Lil
employed Haeussermann, Ernst
cooperated with Höflich, Lucie
cooperated with Hofmannsthal, Hugo von
employed Hollaender, Felix
was teacher to Hoppe, Marianne
cooperated with Humperdinck, Engelbert
cooperated with Kayssler, Friedrich
employed Ley-Piscator, Maria
cooperated with Roller, Alfred
cooperated with Sandrock, Adele
has a connection with Thimig, Hermann
cooperated with Wedekind, Frank
was teacher to Weyher, Ruth
Biographie: Max Reinhardt, 1873-1943