Lenbach, Franz von

PAINTER (GERMANY)
BORN 13 Dec 1836, Schrobenhausen - DIED 6 May 1904, München
GRAVE LOCATION München, Bayern: Westfriedhof (left wall, 81)

Franz von Lenbach was the son of a stonemason and studied art in Munich (1854) and Rome. He was appointed professor in Weimar in 1862 and worked as a copyist from 1863 to 1868. Later he became a celebrated portraitist and an important society personality in late nineteenth century Munich.

Von Lenbach often painted from photographs and his style reminds of Titian and Rembrandt. He painted most celebrities of his time, among them Peggy Guggenheim, Richard and Cosima Wagner, Pope Leo XIII, Franz Liszt, Prinzregent Luitpold, William Gladstone, Emperor Wilhelm I, emperor Francis Joseph. Lenbach portrayed Bismarck numerous times.

He was ennobled in 1882 and a few years later his fame enabled him to build a large villa at the Königsplatz in Munich.

Lenbach married Magdalena Gräfin Moltke, who was 28 years his junior, in 1888 in Breslau. In 1892 they had a daughter, Marion. A second daughter, Erika, was born in 1895. At that time the marriage was already failing and they split up in 1896. Erika stayed with her mother and Marion with her father. Soon afterwards he married his pupil Charlotte von Hornstein and in 1899 their daughter Gabriele was born. Magdalena von Moltke married Bismarck's physician, Dr. Ernst Schwenninger.

The Lenbach Villa in München is a municipal museum since 1929. In 1936 his widow bought the house in Schrobenhausen where he was born and it was turned into a Lenbachmuseum.

Related persons
• has a connection with Böcklin, Arnold
• painted Franz Joseph von Habsburg, Kaiser von Österreich
• was a friend of Kaulbach, Friedrich August von
• painted Liszt, Cosima
• painted Liszt, Franz
• painted Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria
• was pupil to Piloty, Karl Theodor von
• painted Schumann, Clara Josephine
• was rival of Stuck, Franz von
• painted Wagner, Richard
• painted Wilhelm I, emperor of Germany

Sources
Baedeker's Munich, The Automobile Association, 1985
Schilderkunst van A tot Z, REBO, Lisse, 1990
Bartleby.com: Great Books Online -- Quotes, Poems, Novels, Classics and hundreds more
Stadt Schrobenhausen - Lenbachstadt im Spargelland - Museen Schrobenhausen
• Baumstark, Reinhold (ed.), Lenbach, Sonnenbilder und Porträts, Pinakothek-Dumont, München, 2004

Images

The Lenbachhaus in Munich.
Picture by Androom (05 Jan 1997)

 

Franz von Lenbach's tombstone in the mausoleum at the Westfriedhof, Munich.
Picture by Androom (20 Mar 2002)

 

Franz von Lenbach's mausoleum at the Westfriedhof, Munich.
Picture by Androom (02 Sep 2013)

 

"Cosima Wagner".
   (1870, Bayreuth: Richard-Wagner-Museum, Haus Wahnfried)
 

"Franz Liszt als Abbé".
   (1871, Bayreuth: Franz Liszt Museum)
 

"Richard Wagner".
   (1871, Bayreuth: Richard-Wagner-Museum, Haus Wahnfried)
 

"Clara Schumann".
   (1878, Zwickau: Robert-Schumann-Haus)
 

"Franz Liszt als Abbé".
   (1881, Bayreuth: Franz Liszt Museum)
 

"Franz von Lenbach mit Frau und Töchtern" ("Franz von Lenbach with Wife and Children").
   (1903, München: Lenbachhaus)
 


Lengefeld, Charlotte von

Published: 1 Jan 2006
Last update: 9 Sep 2013