Cavaignac, Eugène Louis

GENERAL (FRANCE)
BORN 15 Oct 1802, Paris - DIED 28 Oct 1857, Ournes (country seat), Sarthe
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Montmartre Cimetière, 20 Avenue Rachel (division 31)

Eugène Louis Cavaignac was the son of the republican Jean Baptiste Cavaignac. He became an officer in the army in 1824 and from 1832 until 1848 he served in Algeria.

After the revolution of 1848 he was elected to the National Assembly and he returned to Paris. Soon the June uprisings started and he was appointed dictator. The government troops fought a bloody battle against the rebels in the streets of Paris. He ordered 60 of them to be executed immediately, claiming that 'at most five or six of them were innocent'.

After order was restored he presided the Executive Committee, preparing presidential elections. He was running for the presidency himself, but for the common people Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was a better alternative to lead the nation to stability. Cavaignac received 1,5 million votes against 5,5 million for Louis Napoleon.

After Louis' coup d'état in 1851 he was arrested and for a while imprisoned at Ham. After his release he left the country for a while and then went to live at Ourne, Sarthe with his new wife. He died in 1857 and he was buried in the grave of his father and his brother Godefroy at Montmartre Cemetery in Paris.

Related persons
• was successor of Arago, François
• was opponent of Napoleon III Bonaparte, Empereur des Français

Sources
• Vincent, Benjamin, Haydn's Dictionary of Dates, and Universal Information, Ward, Lock & Co, London, 1906
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
• Beyern, Bertrand, Guide des Cimetières en France, Le Cherche Midi Éditeur, Paris, 1994
Louis-Eugène Cavaignac - Wikipedia

Images

The grave of Jean Baptiste Cavaignac, Godefroy Cavaignac and Eugène Louis Cavaignac at Montmarte Cimetière, Paris.
Picture by Androom (18 May 2005)

 


Cavaroc, Honoré

Published: 3 Dec 2006
Last update: 30 Apr 2007