Caroline von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel

BORN 17 May 1768, Braunschweig - DIED 8 Aug 1821, London: Brandenburg House, Hammersmith
REAL NAME Caroline Amelie Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel
GRAVE LOCATION Braunschweig, Niedersachsen: Dom St. Blasii (Fürstengruft)

Princess Caroline of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel was a daughter of Karl II, Duke of Brunswick (Braunschweig in German) and Augusta of Hanover. On 8 Apr 1795 she married George, Prince of Wales and heir to the British throne. He didn´t like her and had secretly married Maria Fitzherbert himself, but this marriage was not legally valid.

Caroline didn´t like her husband either and from George´s correspondence became clear that they had one three times sexual intercourse during the first two nights of their marriage. But it was enough for a daughter: in January 1796 Charlotte Augusta was born. Caroline and George lived seperate lives and didn't appear in public together. They both had other lovers. Caroline wasn't often allowed to see her daughter and in 1799 she was banished to Blackheath. Possibly George Canning and Sir Sidney Smith were her lovers there.

Allthough she had many supporters among the Whigs (among them Lord Byron and Lady Jane Oxford), she left England in 1814 and travelled through Europe, leaving debts wherever she went. Her daughter Charlotte married Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg in 1816. She died in 1817 after giving birth to a stillborn son.

In 1820 George succeeded to the throne as George IV and this prompted her return to England. An attempt to take away her title of queen consort and end the marriage failed after a bill to that purpose had passed the House of Lords but was withdrawn because there was hardly a chance that it would pass the House of Commons.

Caroline was refused entry at Winster Abbey where George's coronation took place on 21 Jul 1821. She fell ill the night after the coronation and died three weeks later. She had been under observation all the time by a man who spied for Lord Liverpool. Caroline thought she was poisoned, but the cause of her death was never cleared since Carline forbade an autopsy herself. Her body was returned to Brunswick, where she was buried in St. Blasii Cathedral.

Related persons
• has a connection with Byron, George Noel Gordon
• has a connection with Oxford, Jane, Lady


The tomb of Caroline of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel at St. Blasii, Braunschweig.
Picture by Androom (24 Mar 2007)


• Burke, john, An Illustrated History of England, Book Club Associates, London, 1978
Caroline of Brunswick - Wikipedia

Carpenter, Mary

Published: 1 Jan 2008
Last update: 1 Jan 2008