Schubert, Franz Peter
Schubert, Franz Peter
BORN 31 Jan 1797, Lichtenthal (near Wien) - DIED 19 Nov 1828, Wien|
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Zentralfriedhof, Simmeringer Hauptstraße 234, Simmering (Gruppe 32 A, nummer 28)
Franz Peter Schubert was born into a large Silecian family. His
father was a school teacher. The young Schubert knew at an early
age that he wanted to be a composer. Supported by friends he
studied composition with Salieri (1808-1813). From 1815 until
1817 he was extremely productive as a composer, allthough he
also taught at his father's school at the time. In 1819 he wrote
Little is known about his romances, but somewhere down the road he contracted syphilis. By 1820 he had found himself some patrons and admirers and this helped his career as a composer. One of the families he visited was the Grob family and it's possible that he wanted to marry their daughter Therese but that he was too poor to do so. She was a talented soprano and after she married in 1820 he ceased visiting the house (Therese's married name was Bergmann and she was still alive in 1869).
Around 1825 his reputation was growing and he was negotiating with several publishers. He had fallen ill in 1823 and suffered from bad health afterwards, probably caused by the syphilis. Nevertheless he continued to work hard. In 1827 he wrote "Die Winterreisse". In the same year he took part in Beethoven's funeral as a pall bearer.
There was a first public public concert of Schubert's work in March 1828 that would also be the only one during his lifetime. He used the proceeds to buy tickets to see Paganini, who was performing a few days later and took all the press attention that Schubert could have used so well.
In October 1828 his health was a little better. He had started to diet and exercise and he decided to take a walking tour to Eisenstadt to visit the grave of Haydn. But after he returned to Vienna he relapsed and he died in November from a typhoid fever.
Schubert was buried (like Beethoven) at the Währinger Ortsfriedhof, Vienna. In 1888 his remains were moved to the Zentralfriedhof.
was written about by Kolb, Annette
was a friend of Lachner, Franz von
met Liszt, Franz
was pupil to Salieri, Antonio
was a friend of Schwindt, Moritz von
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Bacharach, A.L. (ed.), Lives Of The Great Composers, Volume 2, Penguin Books, London, 1947