Bombacci, Nicola

BORN 24 Oct 1879, Civitella di Romagna, Emilia-Romagna - DIED 28 Apr 1945, Dongo, Lombardia
GRAVE LOCATION Milano, Lombardia: Cimitero Maggiore di Musocco, Piazzale Cimitero Maggiore 1 (Field 10 (Campo X, Campo dell'Onore))

Nicola Bombacci was educated at the seminary of Forli. He continued his studies and became an elementary teacher. He joined the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) in 1903. In 1905 he married the teacher Erissene Focaccia. He abandoned teaching in 1909 and he became one of the leaders of the revolutionary wing of the PSI that also included Lazzari and Mussolini. He became the Secretary of the PSI and in 1919 they won the elections. After a conflict he resigned his position as secretary. In 1921he was a flunding member of the Communist Party in Italy. But he was a friend of Mussolini and in 1927 he was removed from the Communist Party. After that he openly supported the fascists although he didn't become a member of their party.

In 1936 he stated that he was drawn to fascism as well as to communism. When Mussolini was driven from power in 1943 he continued to support him. He wrote an economic theory of fascist socialization for the Congres of Verona, held by the fascist party in 1943. In 1945 in a speech in Genoa he stated that Stalin would never make socialism, but that Mussolini rather would. In 1945 he was captured by partisans at the same time as Mussolini. he was shot at Dongo and afterwards his body was also hung at the gas station in Pizzale Loreto, Milan.


The grave of Nicola Bombacci at the Cimitero Maggiore, Milano.
Picture by Androom (22 Feb 2019)


Nicola Bombacci - Wikipedia

Bonaparte, Carolina

Published: 16 May 2021
Last update: 16 May 2021