BORN 1 Sep 1860, Parma, Emilia-Romagna - DIED 19 Dec 1919, Chicago, Illinois: St. Luke's Hospital |
GRAVE LOCATION Parma, Emilia-Romagna: Cimitero della Villetta, Viale della Villetta 29 B
Cleofonte Campanini studied music at the Conservatory of his native Parma. He debuted as a conductor with "Carmen" in 1883 in Parma. During the same year he was invited to the Metropolitan Opera in New York where he accepted a position as assistent conductor. In 1887 he married the singer Eva Tetrazinni and in 1888 he conducted the American premiere of Verdi's "Otello" in the USA with Eva singing the part of Desdemona.
From 1888 to 1903 he was engaged at São Carlos in Lisbon, often working with his wife. From 1903 to 1906 he worked at La Scala in Milan and there he conducted the premiere of Puccini's "Madame Butterfly" in 1904. In 1906 he became the artistic director of the new Manhattan Opera Company until he resigned in 1909 after disagreements with Oscar Hammerstein. he accepted a position as first conductor of the Chicago Grand Opera Company and he stayed in Chicago until his death in 1919.
Wife: Tetrazzini, Eva (1887-1919)
is brother/sister of Campanini, Italo
|17/2/1904||Premiere of Puccini's "Madama Butterfly" at the Scala, Milan. The opera was based on John Luther Long's short story "Madame Butterfly". Rosina Storchio was Madame Butterfly and Giuseppina Giaconia was Suzuki, her maid. Other singers were Giovanni Zenatello, Giuseppe De Luca, Gaetano Pini-Corsi, Tina Alasia and Emilio Venturini. Cleofonte Campanini was the conductor. The opera was received badly, partly because Piuccini had completed it so late that there wasn't enough time for proper rehearsals. [Puccini, Giacomo]|
|28/5/1904||Puccini's "Madama Butterfly" is staged at the Teatro Grande in Brescia. It was three months after the premiere in Milan that went badly. Puccini made some changes and this time Solomiya Krushelnytska performed the title part. Cleofonte Campanini was again the conductor and Giovanni Zenatello was again B.F. Pinkerton. Giovanni Zenatello was Sharpless. This time the opera was a success. [Puccini, Giacomo]|