|SCULPTOR, ENGRAVER, PATRIOT (ITALY)|
BORN 1819, Bologna, Emilia-Romagna - DIED 13 Jan 1887, Bologna, Emilia-Romagna|
BIRTH NAME Chiostro VII, South Portico, no. 116
GRAVE LOCATION Bologna, Emilia-Romagna: Cimitero monumentale della Certosa di Bologna, Via della Certosa 18
Giuseppe Pacchioni was educated at the Accademia di belle arti di Bologna where he specialised in engraving. He won prizes for sculpting in 1832 and 1836. In 1842 the English consul at Bologna invited him to Corfu to practice sculpting there. At Corfu he met Italian exiles and he joined the political movement Giovine Italia. In June 1844 he left with fifteen others for Calabria to support the anti-Bourbon riots in Cosenza. But after a fight two were killed and the others were captured. Most of his comrades were sentenced to death and executed. acchioni was sentenced to imprisonment for life, but he was released in 1846. In 1848 he went to Naples for a while when Carlo Troya was prime minister.
From 1848 to 1853 he lived in France and in 1853 he returned to Bologna. There he opened a workshop, but he was was arrested by the Austrians om 2 January 1855 and was imprisoned once more until 12 June 1859, when the austrians and the papal government lost power in Bologna. After that he lived from his work as a sculptor. In 1878 he created monument to the "Fallen of 1844" in Cozenza. He created at least 15 works for the Certosa cemetery in Bologna. He was buried there himself after his death in 1887. The bust at his grave was sculpted by Alfredo Neri (1862-1928).