BORN 5 Jul 1828, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland: Leidsegracht - DIED 23 Aug 1903, Den Haag, Zuid-Holland|
BIRTH NAME GabriŽl, Paul Joseph Constantin
GRAVE LOCATION Den Haag, Zuid-Holland: Oud Eik en Duinen, Laan van Eik en Duinen (left of Mesdag grave)
Constantin GabriŽl was the son of the sculptor and painter Paulus Joseph GabriŽl. His father died when he was five years old. He studied at the Royal Academy in Amsterdam where his father had been a teacher. He was taught by his father's friend J.D. Zocher. He left the academy without graduating and studied with Zochter's son Louis Paul for a while. After that he went to Kleve where he studied with Barend Koekkoek for a year. Cornelis Lieste was another teacher in Haarlem.
In Haarlem Hendrik Dirk Kruseman van Elten was a fellow pupil and they settled in Oosterbeek together in 1853. There he met the painter Johannes Bilders, who often visited Gelderland for painting en plein air. His friend Anton Mauve joined him in Oosterbeek and together with other artists they painted after nature.
GabriŽl created landscapes, portraits, animal paintings and cityscapes. In 1860 he was commissioned to paint "Ruins of Brederode" and with the money he earned he settled in Brussels. He stayed their for almost 25 years. The painter Willem Roelofs brought him into contact with the approach of the Barbizon painters and part of his work showed their influence. In 1867 he married Victoire Urbain (1835-1909). They had no children. In 1875 he became a Knight of the Order of Leopold in Belgium.
In 1884 he returned to the Netherlands. He lived in The Hague and he joined the artists' association Pulchri Studio. He often exhibited there and used more color in his paintings than most painters of the Hague School, who preferred a grey tone. He died in 1903 in The Hague.
was painted by Schwartze, ThťrŤse