Spitzeder, Adele

BORN 9 Nov 1832, Berlin - DIED 27 Oct 1895, München, Bayern
CAUSE OF DEATH heart failure
GRAVE LOCATION München, Bayern: Alte Südfriedhof, Thalkirchnerstrasse 17 (18-14-26 (Schmidt tomb))

Daughter of the singers Jozef Spitzeder and Elisabeth Vio. After the early death of her father her mother was financially supported by king Ludwig I of Bavaria. She wanted to be an actress and she was educated by Constanze Dahn and Charlotte von Hagn. Her first engagement was in Coburg in 1858. She also worked in Frankfurt am Main, Nürnberg, Graz and Zürich but she was hardly successful and in 1866 she returned to Munich.

She needed money (for herself, her girlfriend and her six dogs) and she started the small Dachauer Bank that was growing rapidly because she paid a high interest on the money she received. She was able to do this for as long as new customers were bringing in their savings, but when she had to repay several clients at the same time she was declared bankrupt. Some of her clients even committed suicide because they had lost all their money and in 1873 Adele was sentenced to three years and ten months in prison.

After her release she wrote her memoirs. At a certain time she tried to start a bank again, but she was arrested immediately. Afterwards she lived as a singer under the name Adele Vio.

Related persons
• was pupil of Dahn, Constanze
• was pupil of Hagn, Charlotte von


Adele Spitzeder was buried in the grave of Friedrich and Anna Schmidt at the Alte Südfriedhof, München.
Picture by Androom (22 Aug 2008)


Spitzweg, Carl

Published: 13 Sep 2008
Last update: 15 Feb 2022