Braak, Menno ter

BORN 26 Jan 1902, Eibergen, Gelderland - DIED 14 May 1940, Den Haag, Zuid-Holland
GRAVE LOCATION Den Haag, Zuid-Holland: Oud Eik en Duinen, Laan van Eik en Duinen (D6 1-4295)

Menno ter Braak was educated in Tiel, where he lived with his uncle and aunt. During his study of the Dutch Language as well as History in Amsterdam he met Joris Ivens and together they founded De Nederlandsche Filmliga (The Dutch Film League), aiming at making experimental movies available to the general public. In 1924 and 1925 he wrote his first movie reviews for the student magazine "Propria Cures" of which he was an editor.

After his studies he worked as a teacher at the Rotterdamsch Lyceum. In 1930 he wrote the essay "Het Carnaval der Burgers". In 1933 he obtained the position of literary editor of the daily "Het Vaderland" and he gave up teaching. In 1930 he had met the author Edgar du Perron. In 1932, together they founded the literary magazine "Forum" in which he frequently published his essays. On 2 August 1933 he married Ant Faber (1905-1997), a daughter of the socialist parliamentarian Jan Lambertus Faber (1875-1958) who was known as 'the red minister'.

Although he was an admirer of Nietzsche, he detested national socialism and publicly turned against that movement. He supported German authors who had fled to the Netherlands for the nazis. He became a friend of Thomas Mann but he disliked the work of Mann's son Klaus and ignored his "Mephisto". When Germany invaded the Netherlands his attempt to flee to England failed. Immediately after the Dutch army capitulated he killed himself by taking sleeping pills and and injection by his brother Wim.

Related persons
• criticized Mann, Klaus


The grave of Menno ter Braak at Oud Eik en Duinen, The Hague.
Picture by Androom (07 Dec 2013)


Bracht, Eugen

Published: 19 Jul 2020
Last update: 29 Mar 2022