|ACTOR, DIRECTOR, THEATRE MANAGER (GERMANY)|
BORN 20 Dec 1890, Köln - DIED 19 Oct 1968, Wien|
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Feuerhalle Simmering, 11., Simmeringer Hauptstraße 337 (Abteilung 1, Ring 1, Gruppe 5, Nummer 8 (ashes))
Josef Gielen studied art history, literature and theatre in Bonn
and Munich. In 1913 he debuted as an actor in Königsberg and
he continued his career in Darmstadt. |
From 1921 he also worked as a director and in Dresden he worked in this profession from 1924 to 1934 at the Staatlichen Schauspielhaus and until 1936 at the Staatsoper where he directed the premieres of "Arabella" (1933) and "Die Schweigsame Frau" (1935) by Richard Strauss.
Because his wife (a sister of Salka Viertel) was Jewish he moved to the Staatstheater in Berlin where Goerring's wife Emmy could offer them some protection. In 1937 they went to Vienna where he worked for the Burgtheater until they emigrated to Argentina in 1939. In Buenos Aires he worked at the Teatro Colón.
In 1948 he returned to Vienna where he was the director of the Burgtheater until 1954. Afterwards he worked for the Staatsoper and the Salzburger Festspiele. Composer and conductor Michael Gielen is his son.