Bloch-Bauer, Adele

SALONI╚RE (AUSTRIA)
BORN 9 Aug 1881, Wien - DIED 24 Jan 1925, Wien
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Feuerhalle Simmering, 11., Simmeringer Hauptstra▀e 337 (MR-47-1G)

Youngest daughter of the banker Moritz Bauer (1840-1905), who had seven children. He was the general director of the Wiener Bankverein. She wasn't allowed to study and in 1899 she married Ferdinand Bloch (1864-1945), a rich sugar manufacturer and art collector. At that time her sister Therese (1874-1961) had already married her husband's brother, Dr. Gustav Bloch (1862-1938).

She learned herself English and French and studied classical literature, also by herself. She liked smoking and had a salon where she received Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss and Stefan Zweig.

In 1903 Ferdinand Bloch commissioned Gustav Klimt to paint her portrait. It was shown in public in 1907. A second portrait followed in 1912. After the fall of the Austrian Empire she and her husband obtained Czech citizenship, but they continued living in Vienna.

She suddenly died of meningitis in 1925. In her will (1923) she had asked her husband to donate the Klimt paintings to the Austrian Gallery after his own death. But Ferdinand Bloch was forced to leave nazi Austria in 1938. The paintings where confiscated and ended up at the Belvedere in Vienna.

Adele's niece Maria Altmann sued the Austrian government for the Klimt paintings and in 2006 five Klimt paintings were finally returned to her. Not much later the first portrait was bought by Ronald Lauder for his Neue Galerie in Manhattan for $135,000,000. The second portrait was sold by Christie's for $88,000,000 in November 2006 and is now in a private collection.

Related persons
• was painted by Klimt, Gustav
• was visited by Mahler, Alma
• was visited by Mahler, Gustav
• was visited by Strauss, Richard Georg

Sources
Adele Bloch-Bauer | Jewish Women's Archive

Images

The grave of Adele Bloch-Bauer at the Feuerhalle Simmering, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (12 Aug 2010)

 

"Adele Bloch-Bauer I".
(1907)

 


Blondin, Charles

Published: 19 Sep 2010
Last update: 9 Jun 2013