Eötvös, Loránd

PHYSICIST (HUNGARY)
BORN 27 Jul 1848, Budapest - DIED 8 Apr 1919, Budapest
GRAVE LOCATION Budapest: Kerepesi cemetery (10/1-1-9)

Son of the author and statesman József Eötvös. He studied at the universities of Pest and Heidelberg, where Helmholtz, Bunsen and Kirchhoff were his teachers.

He studied capillary action and gravity and he formulated the Eötvös Rule, stating a relation between temperature changes and the surface tension of pure liquids. The Eötvös-effect is a law about changes in weights of bodies that are in motion. Einstein used his work for his theory of relativity.

He became a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1873 and was its president between 1889 and 1905. He was also rector of the University of Sciences in Budapest. From 1894 to 1895 he was Minister of Religion and Education. Several Universities awarded him honorary titles for his work.

Related persons
• was pupil to Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm

Sources
LORÁND EÖTVÖS (1848 - 1919)
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909

Images

The grave of Loránd Eötvös at the Kerepesi Cemetery, Budapest.
Picture by Androom (20 Aug 2002)

 


Epps, George Napoleon

Published: 13 May 2010
Last update: 13 May 2010