Lyautey, Louis Hubert Gonzalve

MARSHAL, COLONIAL ADMINISTRATOR (FRANCE)
BORN 17 Nov 1854, Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle - DIED 27 Jul 1934, Thorey, Meurthe-et-Moselle
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Dôme des Invalides

Hubert Lyautey was educated at St. Cyr. He served in Indochina (1894), Madagascar (1897) and Algeria. In 1907 he was sent to Moroco, where he was appointed general and commander of the army in 1912. In 1909 he married Ines de Bourgoing, the daughter of Philippe de Bourgoing, the squire of Napoleon IIII. In 1912 he was elected into the Academie Française.

When the First World War broke out he was still in Morocco, until he was recalled to Paris in 1916 to become War Minister in the cabinet of Aristide Briand.

As War Minister he disagreed with the plans of Commander-in-Chief Nivelle, who planned a huge offensive on the Aisne in April, 1917. He resigned his post and held no responsibility for the disastrous campagne that followed.

He was made a Marshal of France in 1921 and returned to Morocco where he served until 1925. He died in Thorey in France. He was buried at the Église des Cordeliers in Nancy, but a year after his death the sultan of Morocco requested his body to be buried in Rabat. In 1961 it was transferred from Rabat to the Dôme des Invalides in Paris. His wife's remains were also removed from Rabat and buried in Thorey-Lyautey.

Sources
Hubert Lyautey — Wikipédia
Oosthoek Encyclopedie, 1948
First World War.com - Who's Who - Hubert Lyautey

Images

Louis Lyautey's tomb at the Dôme des Invalides, Paris.
Picture by Androom (17 Nov 2006)

 


Lytton, Neville Stephen, 3rd Earl of Lytton

Published: 24 Feb 2007
Last update: 14 Nov 2010