Senefelder, Aloys

INVENTOR (GERMANY)
BORN 6 Nov 1771, Praha - DIED 26 Feb 1834, München
GRAVE LOCATION München, Bayern: Alte Südfriedhof, Thalkirchnerstrasse 17 (05-02-01)

Aloys Senefelder was the son of a well known German actor. He studied at Munich and wanted to join the theatre as well. He had already written a play when he was 24. After his father died he and his family needed money and he considered to live from his writing. Because printing was expensive he invented lithography (Greek for stone printing), a cheap way to print his musical works.

In 1806 he started a printing business in Munich, together with the musician Gleiszner. Later he managed to print in colour and he became Royal Inspector of Lithograpy. In 1818 he published an account of the history of his invention ("Vollstandiges Lehrbuch der Steindruckerei"). By the time of his death in 1834 he had innovated the process immensely and lithography was widely used.

Related persons
• knew Hanfstaengl, Franz Seraph von

Sources
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
• Fischer, Manfred F., Ruhmeshalle und Bavaria, Bayerische Verwaltung der Staatlichen Schlösser, München, 1987
No. 791: Senefelder and Lithography
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Aloys Senefelder

Images

Alois Senefelder's grave at the Alte Südfriedhof, Munich.
Picture by Androom (21 Mar 2002)

 


Seringe, Nicolas-Charles

Published: 1 Jan 2006
Last update: 11 May 2008