|CHOIR CONDUCTOR, COMPOSER, VIOLINIST (AUSTRIA)|
BORN 12 Apr 1801, Wien: St. Ulrich - DIED 14 Apr 1843, Wien: Gymnasiumstra▀e 87, Oberd÷bling|
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Zentralfriedhof, Simmeringer Hauptstra▀e 234, Simmering (Gruppe 32 A, nummer 16)
Joseph Lanner was instrumental in transforming the waltz from
a peasant dance to a high society occupation. He taught himself
the violin and started a string quartet that bor his name. By
1824 he conducted a small orchestra that played dance music.
It was such a succes that by 1832 he asked Johan Strauss to
lead a smaller deputy orchestra to be able to answer all carnival
Strauss soon ended the business partnership and they became rivals, allthough in pratice they often cooperated. By the early 1840s Strauss was far more popular than Lanner and he travelled through Europe. Lanner continued to work in Vienna because he doubted that other countries would want to hear Viennese waltzes.
In 1828 he had married Franziska Jahns. Their daughter Katharina became a well known dancer and their son August was a composer. From 1838 onwards he lived with Marie Kraus, the daughter of a butcher. In 1842 he formally divorced his wife.
In 1843 Lanner was infected with typhus and he died on Aril 14th of that year. He was buried at the Alte D÷blinger Friedhof in Vienna. After his death his son Joseph Carl Maria Kraus was born. In 1904 his remains were transferred to the Zentralfriedhof.
Daughter: Lanner, Katti
was a friend of Strauss, Johann (The Elder)
Budig, Robert S. et al, Ehrengrńber am Wiener Zentralfriedhof, Compress Verlag Wien, Wien