Slowacki, Juliusz

POET (POLAND)
BORN 4 Sep 1809, Krzemieniec - DIED 3 Apr 1849, Paris: Montmartre
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Montmartre Cimetière, 20 Avenue Rachel (division 07, ligne 01 (empty grave, remains removed to Wawel Cathedral in 1927) 7))

Juliuz Slowacki was the son of Euzebiusz Slowacki, a Polish nobleman. His father died in 1814 and he grew up with his mother Salomea Slowacka, born Januszewska. In 1818 she married August Bécu, a professor of medicine. His mother had a literary salon and there he met the poet and dramatist Adam Mickiewicz in 1822. From 1825 to 1828 he studied law in Vilnius. His early poetical work was influenced by Byron and Shakespeare.

In 1829 he went to Warshaw, where he published his novel "Hugo" in 1830 in "Melitele". In 1831 he started working as a copyist for the revolutionary Polish National Government. He was sent on a mission to Dresden and in 1832 he stayed in France as a political refugee. He met Mickiewicz again, but after the latter depicted his stepfather as a villain, they were rivals and enemies.

From 1833 to 1836 he lived in Switzerland. His poetry started to win recognition in Poland. I n1836 he travelled to Rome, where he befriended the poet Zygmunt Krasinski. He also visited Naples before he left for Greece, Egypt and the Middle East. In 1837 he was in Florence and in 1838 he returned to Paris. He wrote two dramas and as a poet, between 1841 and 1846 he published "Beniowski". Late in the 1840s he befriended Chopin. In 1848 he wanted to join an uprising in Poland but he was arrested by the Prussian police and sent back to France.

His health was failing by the time he was visited by the poet Cyprian Norwid in Paris in 1849. He died from tuberculosis and was buried at Montmartre cemetery. His remains were moved to Wawel Cathedral in Krakow in 1927 but the empty grave at Montmartre is still there.

Related persons
• was a friend of Chopin, Frédéric François

Images

The grave of Jules Slowacki at Montmartre Cimetière, Paris.
Picture by Androom (19 May 2005)

 

Sources
Wirtualnafrancja


Smetana, Bedrich

Published: 18 Mar 2018
Last update: 1 Jun 2020