|CONDUCTOR, VIOLINIST (FRANCE)|
BORN 23 Jul 1838, Bordeaux, Gironde - DIED 28 Mar 1910, Paris|
REAL NAME Colonna, Judas
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 89, ligne 01)
Éduard Colonne was born as Judas Colonna into a musical family. He entered the Conservatory in Paris in 1856 and he won a prize for harmony in 1858 and a first prize for the violin in 1863. He started as a violinist at the Théâtre-Lyrique (now the Théâtre de la Ville) and worked himself up to become first violinist at the Opéra de Paris.
In 1873 he founded the Concert National at the Théâtre de l'Odéon, aiming to make the works of French composers better known to the public at large. The first season was very succesful, but after financial difficulties he had to stop the project and he started his own orchestra named Concerts du Châtelet and soon renamed Association Artistique des Concerts Colonne. This orchestra performed contemporary music at the Théâtre du Châtelet.
In 1892 he became artistic director of the orchestra of de Opéra de Paris. But he left a year later, preferring to work with his own orchestra. He did so until he died in 1910 and Gabriel Pierné succeeded him.
cooperated with Marsick, Martin-Pierre