Arany, János

BORN 2 Mar 1817, Nagy-Szalonta - DIED 22 Oct 1882, Budapest
GRAVE LOCATION Budapest: Kerepesi cemetery (14.sziget)

János Arany came from a family of farmers. After he went to school in Debrecen he joined a group of travelling actors.

Sándor Petofi praised it in a poem and the two men became friends for life. After he returned home he became a conrector and a notary. In 1840 he married Juliana Ercsey, the daughter of an advocate.

He read widely and translated Shakespeare into Hungarian. In 1846 he published his epic "Toldi". It was very popular with the public because it was written in an understandable language.

In 1848 he was involved in the Hungarian revolution and he edited a govenrment newspaper for peasants. After the revolution failed he became a teacher. In 1858 he was elected into the Hungarian Academy and he went to live in Pest, where he became the editor of "Szépirodalmi Figyelo". In 1870 he became secretary-general of the Academy. There is a statue for him in front of the National Museum in Budapest.

Work: "The Lost Constitution" (1845); "Toldi" (1846); "Toldi’s Eve" (1854); "Toldi’s Love" (1879).


János Arany's tomb at the Kerepesi cemetery, Budapest.
Picture by Androom (29 Jan 2001)


• Vórnai, Péter, Budapest Guide, Tourism Office of Budapest, 1999
JANOS ARANY (1817-1882) - Online Information article about JANOS ARANY (1817-1882)

Archbald, Andrew Berry

Published: 16 Jul 2006
Last update: 17 Mar 2019