Chodowiecki, Daniel

ENGRAVER, ILLUSTRATOR, PAINTER (GERMANY)
BORN 16 Oct 1726, Gdansk - DIED 7 Feb 1801, Berlin
GRAVE LOCATION Berlin: Französischer Friedhof, Chausseestrasse (G-6-10)

Son of Gottfried Chodowiecki, a grain merchant from Danzig of Polish ancestry who was also an amateur painter. His mother came from a Huguenotic family. Daniel spoke French, German and Polish fluently. From 1740 to 1754 he was a merchant himself. In 1754 he moved to Berlin together with his brother. He was training there as a salesman, but he met Lorenz Haid from Augsburg, who learned him enamel painting.

He turned into the most popular illustrator of Prussia and in 1764 he became a member of the Academy of Art (In 1797 he would become president of the Academy).

He drew and painted daily german life in an ironical way. Over 2000 of his engravings have been saved. He illustrated Schiller’s "Räuber", Cervantes’s "Don Quixote" and works of Shakespeare. His most famous painting is "The Departure of Jean Calas" (1767). In 1773 he made a trip to Poland of which he kept a diary including a series of 108 drawings.

His family house in Holy Spirit Street in Gdansk was rebuilt after the war. His grave was cleared, but it was reerected during the 1930's.

Sources
Baedeker Berlin, Baedeker Verlag, Stuttgart, 1994
• Streidt, Gert & Peter Feierabend, Pruisen, kunst en architectuur, Könemann, Köln, 2000

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Images

The grave of Daniel Chodowiecki at the Dorotheenstädtischen Friedhof, Berlin.
Picture by Androom (21 Jan 2004)

 


Chopin, Frédéric François

Published: 1 Jan 2006
Last update: 10 Oct 2004