Kauffmann, Angelica

PAINTER, ETCHER (SWITZERLAND)
BORN 30 Oct 1741, Chur, Gräubunden - DIED 5 Nov 1807, Roma
REAL NAME Kaufmann, Maria Anna Angelika Katharina
GRAVE LOCATION Roma, Lazio: Sant'Andrea delle Fratte, 1 Via Sant'Andrea delle Fratte

Angelica Kauffmann was the daughter of the painter Joseph Johann Kauffmann. She was a child prodigy and she assisted her father in painting backgrounds for his work from an early age. Soon she had her own commissions. She grew up in Schwarzenberg and her mother Cleophea Lutz taught her several languages. After her mother died she travelled in Austria and Italy with her father. In Italy she copied the Italian masters.

In 1765 she met Johann Winckelmann and in 1766 she was invited to London where Lady Wenthworth accompanied her and she started painting portraits under the influence of Joshua Reynolds. Among her first sitters in London was the actor David Garrack. Her work was popular and commissions came from the courts in Naples, Russia and Austria. In 1768 she was one of the founding members of the Royal Academy of Arts. Fron 1769 to 1782 she exhibited at the Royal Academy every year.

Her first marriage to Count Frederick de Horn, a Swedish adventurer, was very unfortunate and probably it damaged her popularity in London. After she found ouf he was an imposter she separated from him with the help of Reynolds. After his death the artist Antonio Zucchi became her second husband in 1781. In 1782 her father died.

Not long after she married Zucchi they moved to Rome where she befrieded Goethe and her home became a cultural meeting point. Her husband ran the house hold and gave her full opportunity to shine. Her husband died in 1795. The last time she exhibited at the Royal Academy was in 1797. In 1807 she died in the Papal States, Rome. Canova acted as the director of her funeral that he based on Raphael's funeral and two of her finest paintings accompanied the procession.

Related persons
• was a friend of Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
• painted Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

Sources
Wikipedia (English)
Schilderkunst van A tot Z, REBO, Lisse, 1990
• Cavendish, Marshall, Meesters in de Schilderkunst 62, Reynolds, Martin Annable, 1997

Images

Grave monument for Angelica Kaufmann at the Sant'Andrea delle Fratte, Rome.
Picture by Androom (25 Jan 2010)

 

"Self Portrait".
   (1781, Frankfurt-am-Main: Goethe-Museum)
 

"Henrietta Laura Pulteney".
   (c1777, Bath: Holburne Museum)
 


Kaulbach, Friedrich

Published: 3 Nov 2013
Last update: 3 Nov 2013