Feininger, Lyonel

PAINTER, GRAPHICAL ARTIST (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)
BORN 17 Jul 1871, New York City, New York - DIED 15 Jan 1956, New York City, New York
REAL NAME Feininger, Lyonel Charles Adrian
GRAVE LOCATION Hastings-on-Hudson, New York: Mount Hope Cemetery, Jackson Ave & Saw Mill Road (Section 99, Lot 125)

Son of the violinist Karl Feininger and the singer Elizabeth Cecilia Lutz. In 1887 he went to Germany to study drawing at the Gewerbeschule in Hamburg. In 1888 he continued his studies at the Royal Academy in Berlin. In 1889 his first work was published in Humoristische Blätter". On request of his father he studied for a while at the Saint Servais Collega in Liège, where his interest for architecture was awakened. In 1891 he returned to his studies in Berlin and in 1892 he moved to Paris, where he enrolled at the Académie Colarossi.

After his return to Berlin in 1893 he worked as a cartoonist for several papers. In 1901 he married Clara Fürst, with whom he had two daughters. In 1903 he met Julia Berg-Lilienfeld and he left his wife and she left her husband. They went to Paris together in 1906 and had a son, Andreas. In 1908 they were married in London and two more sons followed. Back in Berlin he became a member of the Secession in 1909.

In 1911 he exhibited at the "Salon des Indépendants" in Paris. There he met Robert Dalaunay and became familiair with cubism. In 1902 he was in contact with the Blaue Reiter group and he befriened Alfred Kubin. In 1913 he left the Secession and in 1917 he had his first important exhibition. Because of the war and his American citizenship he moved to the Harz in 1918.

In 1924 he started the "Blaue Vier" group together with Kandinsky, Klee and Jawlensky and an exhibition in New York followed in 1925. In 1926 he became a teacher at the Bauhaus in Dessau (until it closed in 1932). In 1936 he taught in Oakland, California, but he returned to Germany at the end of the year. But his work was considered degenerate in Germany and in 1937 he permanently moved to the USA with his wife, who was partly Jewish.

He continued working in New York until his death in 1956. Julia died in 1970 and was buried beside him.

Related persons
• was a friend of Marcks, Gerhard

Sources
LeMO Biografie - Biografie Lyonel Feininger
Lyonel Feininger - Wikipedia

Images

The grave of Lionel Feininger at Mount Hope Cemetery, Hastings-on-Hudson.
Picture by Androom (13 Apr 2010)

 


Félix, Dinah

Published: 24 Oct 2010
Last update: 29 Oct 2010