Corot, Jean-Baptiste Camille

PAINTER, ENGRAVER (FRANCE)
BORN 16 Jul 1796, Paris - DIED 22 Feb 1875, Paris
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 24, 6eme ligne, Q, 21)

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot was the most important painter of the Barbizon school. Corot came from a wealthy family. He was educated at Rouen and his father wished him to pursue a business career. Corot had other ideas and when he was 26 his father allowed him to become an artist.

He visited Italy in 1825 and in 1829 he painted at the Forest of Fontainebleau. He travelled in France and returned to Italy in 1834. In 1835 he exhibited "Hagar in the Wilderness" at the Salon in Paris. He exhibited there regularly, but apart from his official paintings he also painted for himself and it was this work that was influential to the impressionists. Around 1850 he befriended Jean-François Millet. Other friends where Théodore Rousseau and Charles-François Daubigny. In 1858-1859 he produced "MacBeth and the Witches", now at the Wallace Collection in London.

In 1846 he had received the Légion d'Honneur to the astonishment of his father who still thought little of the painting profession and initially thought the medal was meant for himself. In 1867 he even became an officer of the Légion d'Honneur, but many of his friends and followers still considered him neglected. One of his pupils was Berthe Morisot.

During the last years of his life his pictures were much sought after and he received huge amounts of monet for them. He gave most of his money to friends and other people in need.

Related persons
• was a friend of Appian, Adolphe
• travelled with Bähr, Johann Karl Ulrich
• was a friend of Daubigny, Charles-François
• influenced Matisse, Henri
• was teacher to Morisot, Berthe

Sources
• Culbertson, Judi & Tom Randall, Permanent Parisians, Robson Books, London, 1991
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot - Wikipedia

Images

The grave of Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot at Père Lachaise, Paris.
Picture by Androom (19 Nov 2006)

 

"Italienerin am Brunnen" ("Italian Girl at the Fountain").
   (1865-1870, Basel: Kunstmuseum)
 

"Young Woman of Albano".
   (1872, New York: The Brooklyn Museum)
 


Corso, Gregory

Published: 16 Nov 2007
Last update: 21 May 2010