Verdi, Giuseppe

COMPOSER (ITALY)
BORN 10 Oct 1813, Le Roncole, Emilia-Romagna - DIED 27 Jan 1901, Milano, Lombardia
GRAVE LOCATION Milano, Lombardia: Casa di riposo dei Musicisti, Piazza Michelangelo Buonarroti 24

Guiseppe Verdi received his first musical education in Busseto. When he was twenty he continued his studies in Milan. Back in Busseto he became town music master and he gave his first public concert at the home of Antonio Barezzi, a local merchant.

Verdi became music teacher to Barezzi's daughter Margherita. They fell in love and married in 1836. Their two children died in infancy and Margherita herself died in 1840. At the time his first opera "Oberto" had been performed at the Scala in Milan and he was working on his second opera. It failed and he nearly gave up composition. But Bartolomeo Merelli persuaded him to continue and his opera Nabucco was first performed at Marrch 9th at the Scala and immediately made him famous.

He wrote several more opera's during the next years, among them "I Lombardy" (1843) and "Macbeth" (1847). In 1851 "Rigoletto" was first produced in Venice. Verdi had started an affair with the soprano Giuseppina Strepponi and their lived together for more than ten years before they married in 1859.

More opera's followed. "Don Carlos" premiered in Paris in 1867 and in 1871 "Aïda" followed. Othello was first produced in Milan in 1887. Giuseppina Strepponi had suffered from health problems, but her death in 1897 came suddenly. Verdi himself had a stroke on January 21th, 1901 and he died six days later. On February 9th, 1901 his last opera "Falstaff" premiered at the Scala.

Verdi was first buried next to Guiseppina at the Cimitero Monumentale in Milan. One month later their bodies were moved to a chapel at the Casa di riposo dei Musicisti, a home for pensioned musicians that was founded with Verdi's money.

Family
• Wife: Strepponi, Guiseppina (1859-1897)

Related persons
• cooperated with Boito, Arrigo
• cooperated with Magnani, Girolami
• admired Patti, Adelina, Baroness Cederström
• knew Roosevelt, Blanche
• was a friend of Stolz, Teresa
• knew Visetti, Alberto Antonio

Events
9/3/1842Premiere of Verdi's opera "Nabucco" [Strepponi, Guiseppina]
22/7/1847Premiere of Verdi's opera "I masnadieri" at Her Majesty's Theatre in London. Verdi conducted the first two performances himself. Jenny Lind sang the part of Amalia and Luigi Lablache was Massamiliano. [Lind, Jenny]
16/4/1849Premiere of Meyerbeer's "Le prophète" with Pauline Viardot as Fidès. It was performed by the Opera of Paris at the Salle Le Peletier. Jeanne-Anaïs Castellan was Berthe and Gustave-Hippolyte Roger was Jean. Narcisse Girard was the conductor. In the audience were Chopin, Verdi, Théophile Gautier, Delacroix, Ivan Turgenev and Berlioz. It was a great succes and in July it was performed at Covent Garden in London. [Berlioz, Hector][Chopin, Frédéric François][Delacroix, Eugène][Gautier, Théophile][Meyerbeer, Giacomo][Viardot-Garcia, Pauline]
2/2/1852Premiere of "La Dame Aux Camelias" by Alexandre Dumas fils at the Théâtre du Vaudeville. The play was an instant succes. Eugénie Doche played Marguerite Gautier and Charles Fecher was Armand Duval. Giuseppe Verdi soon set the story to music, resulting in his opera "La traviata" (1853). [Dumas, Alexandre (fils)]
6/3/1853Premiere of Verdi's "La Traviata" at La Fenice in Venice. Gaetano Mares was conducting and Fanny Salvini-Donatelli, Lodovico Graziani and Felice Varesi were singing. Verdi considered Salvini-Donatelli too fat for the part and spoke of a fiasco, but the public was appreciative of her singing. When "La Traviata" was again performed in Venice in the next year, Maria Spezia took her place. 
11/3/1867Premiere of Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" at the Salle Le Peletier in Paris. It was conducted by François George-Hainl. Louis-Henri Obin, Jean Morère, Jean-Baptiste Faure, Marie-Constance Sasse and Pauline Guéymard-Lauters were singing. 
24/12/1871First performance of Verdi's opera "Aïda" in Cairo 
8/2/1872Italian premiere of Verdi's opera "Aïda" in Milan. It was written with Teresa Stolz in mind and she created the part in Milan. The world premiere had taken place in Cairo in 1871 without Stolz. [Stolz, Teresa]
29/1/1932American premiere of Verdi's "Simon Boccanegra" at the Metropolitan in New York. Maria Müller sang. [Müller, Maria]

Images

The Casa di riposo dei Musicisti in Milan.
Picture by Androom (27 Jan 2007)

 

The grave of Guiseppe Verdi at the Casa di riposo dei Musicisti in Milan.
Picture by Androom (27 Jan 2007)

 

The statue of Guiseppe Verdi at the Piazza Buonarotti, Milan.
Picture by Androom (27 Jan 2007)

 

The tomb of Guiseppe Verdi at the Cimitero Monumentale, Milan. His remains were transferred to the Casa di Riposo per Musicisti in Milan.
Picture by Androom (26 Jan 2007)

 

Statue of Guiseppe Verdi at Verdi Square, New York City.
Picture by Androom (19 Apr 2010)

 

Sources
WDR Videotext, Westdeutscher Rundfunk, Köln
Maria Müller (Sängerin) – Wikipedia
Giuseppe Verdi - Wikipedia
Giuseppe Verdi | Italian composer | Britannica.com


Vergeot, Eléonore

Published: 29 Feb 2008
Last update: 3 Mar 2019