Verdi, Giuseppe

BORN 10 Oct 1813, Le Roncole, Parma - DIED 27 Jan 1901, Milano
GRAVE LOCATION Milano, Lombardia: Casa di riposo dei Musicisti, Piazza Michelangelo Buonarroti 24

Guiseppe Verdi received his first musical education in Busseto. When he was twenty he continued his studies in Milan. Back in Busseto he became town music master and he gave his first public concert at the home of Antonio Barezzi, a local merchant.

Verdi became music teacher to Barezzi's daughter Margherita. They fell in love and married in 1836. Their two children died in infancy and Margherita herself died in 1840. At the time his first opera "Oberto" had been performed at the Scala in Milan and he was working on his second opera. It failed and he nearly gave up composition. But Bartolomeo Merelli persuaded him to continue and his opera Nabucco was first performed at Marrch 9th at the Scala and immediately made him famous.

He wrote several more opera's during the next years, among them "I Lombardy" (1843) and "Macbeth" (1847). In 1851 "Rigoletto" was first produced in Venice. Verdi had started an affair with the soprano Giuseppina Strepponi and their lived together for more than ten years before they married in 1859.

More opera's followed. "Don Carlos" premiered in Paris in 1867 and in 1871 "Aïda" followed. Othello was first produced in Milan in 1887. Giuseppina Strepponi had suffered from health problems, but her death in 1897 came suddenly. Verdi himself had a stroke on January 21th, 1901 and he died six days later. On February 9th, 1901 his last opera "Falstaff" premiered at the Scala.

Verdi was first buried at the Cimitero Monumentale in Milan. Later his remains (and Guiseppina's as well) were moved to a chapel at the Casa di riposo dei Musicisti, a home for pensioned musicians that was founded with Verdi's money.

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22/7/1847Premiere of Verdi's opera "I masnadieri" at Her Majesty's Theatre in London. Verdi conducted the first two performances himself. Jenny Lind sang the part of Amalia and Luigi Lablache was Massamiliano. [Lind, Jenny]
16/4/1849Premiere of Meyerbeer's "Le prophète" with Pauline Viardot as Fidès. It was performed by the Opera of Paris at the Salle Le Peletier. Jeanne-Anaïs Castellan was Berthe and Gustave-Hippolyte Roger was Jean. Narcisse Girard was the conductor. In the audience were Chopin, Verdi, Théophile Gautier, Delacroix, Ivan Turgenev and Berlioz. It was a great succes and in July it was performed at Covent Garden in London. [Berlioz, Hector][Chopin, Frédéric François][Delacroix, Eugène][Gautier, Théophile][Meyerbeer, Giacomo][Viardot-Garcia, Pauline]
11/3/1867First performance of Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" 


The Casa di riposo dei Musicisti in Milan.
Picture by Androom (27 Jan 2007)


The grave of Guiseppe Verdi at the Casa di riposo dei Musicisti in Milan.
Picture by Androom (27 Jan 2007)


The statue of Guiseppe Verdi at the Piazza Buonarotti, Milan.
Picture by Androom (27 Jan 2007)


The tomb of Guiseppe Verdi at the Cimitero Monumentale, Milan. His remains were transferred to the Casa di Riposo per Musicisti in Milan.
Picture by Androom (26 Jan 2007)


Statue of Guiseppe Verdi at Verdi Square, New York City.
Picture by Androom (19 Apr 2010)


• Culbertson, Judi & Tom Randall, Permanent Italians, Walker and Company, New York, 1996
WDR Videotext, Westdeutscher Rundfunk, Köln
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909

Vergeot, Eléonore

Published: 29 Feb 2008
Last update: 29 Oct 2010