Marx, Karl Heinrich

IDEOLOGUE, PHILOSOPHER, ECONOMIST, POLITICIAN (GERMANY)
BORN 5 May 1818, Trier - DIED 14 Mar 1883, London
GRAVE LOCATION London: Highgate Cemetery East, Swain's Lane, Highgate

Karl Marx was the on of a Jewish lawyer. He was educated at home until he was 13 and studied at the universities of Bonn and Berlin. In 1841 he was promoted in Jena on "The Difference Between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature".

In 1843 he married Jenny von Westphalen, with whom he had seven children. They often worked together, Jenny editing the books he wrote. Also in 1843 Marx went to Paris to work on the "Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher" together with the revolutionary Arnold Ruge. In 1844 at the Café de la Régence he met Friedrich Engels, with whom he would collaborate for the rest of his life. In Paris he worked for the radical German paper "Vorwärts" but in 1845 he was forced to move to Belgium. In 1847 he published "The Poverty of Philosophy", a reaction on Proudhon's "The Philosophy of Poverty". In 1848 he was back in Paris and in 1849 he went to Cologne, where he started the "Neue Rheinische Zeitung".

His paper was suppressed and he moved to London in 1849. In London he studied political economy and capitalism. In 1864 he was elected to the council of the First International and he was actively involved in organising the yearly congresses. In 1859 he published "Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy". In 1867 the first volume of "Das Kapital" ("Capital") was published. The second and third volumes were published posthumously in 1884 and 1895 by Friedrich Engels. Dujring the 1870s his health declined and he died in 1883 in London.

Family
• Daughter: Marx, Eleanor

Related persons
• was influenced by Feuerbach, Ludwig Andreas
• was a friend of Heine, Heinrich
• was a friend of Herzen, Aleksandr Ivanovitsj

Sources
Wikipedia (English)
• Culbertson, Judi & Tom Randall, Permanent Londoners, Robson Books, London, 1991

Images

The grave of Karl Marx at Highgate Cemetery East, London.
Picture by Androom (26 Mar 1996)

 

Karl Marx statue in the Brückenstrasse in Chemnitz.
Picture by Androom (25 Aug 2007)

 


Mason, James

Published: 19 Oct 2008
Last update: 19 Oct 2008