Géricault, Théodore

PAINTER (FRANCE)
BORN 26 Sep 1791, Rouen - DIED 18 Jan 1824, Paris
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 12, 1ere ligne, W, 18)

Théodore Géricault was born in Rouen. From his youth he was opposed to the way of classical painting. He was taught at the École des Beaux-Arts by Carle Vernet and by P.N. Gúerin. The latter appreciated his talent but disliked his fiery temper. Eugène Delacroix was one of his classmates. At the Louvre he copied the old masters and "The Charging Chasseur" (1812) was influenced by the style of Rubens.

After the Bourbon restoration of 1815 he entered the Royal Horseguards for a while to find inspiration for war paintings. In 1817 he travelled to Italy. After his return he created his most famous work, "Le Radeau de la Méduse" ("The Raft of the Medusa", 1819, The Louvre, Paris). It was about a French shipwreck where the captain had left the passengers to die. It also depicted the struggle of man against nature. Eugène Delacroix was the model for one of the dying people. The painting caused controversy in France 1819 but it was praised in England, where in was shown in 1820. He went to London and lived there for a while, observing the poverty in the city and drawing his impressions.

After three years abroad he returned to France, where he painted a series of portraits of the insane patients of his fried Dr. E.J. Georget. Next he started preparing some epic compositions. But the neglect of the injuries caused by a riding accident combined with a chronic tubercular infection weakened his health and he died early in 1824, aged only 32.

Related persons
• was a friend of Delacroix, Eugène

Sources
Theodore  Gericault 
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Wikipedia (English)

Images

The grave of Théodore Géricault at Père Lachaise, Paris.
Picture by Androom (19 Nov 2006)

 


Gershwin, George

Published: 8 Feb 2008
Last update: 7 Nov 2010