Ernst, Max

PAINTER, SCULPTOR, GRAPHICAL ARTIST (GERMANY)
BORN 2 Apr 1891, Brühl (near Köln) - DIED 1 Apr 1976, Paris
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 87 (colombarium, case 2102))

Master of surrealism. Ernst studied philosophy and psychology at the University in Bonn and was influenced by Van Gogh. Together with Hans Arp and T.J. Baargeld he founded the Dada group 'Zentrale W/3'. In 1918 he married Luise Strauß (they had a son). In 1922 he went to Paris where his close friend Paul Éluard also lived. From 1922 until 1924 he had an affair with Éluard's wife Gala. In 1927 he married Marie-Berthe Aurenche, the sister of Jean Aurenche. In 1936 they divorced. During the next few years he was in a relationship with the painter Leonora Carrington.

In 1937 his work was shown at the Entartete Kunst exhibition and in 1938 he left the surrealist movement. In 1941 Ernst married Peggy Guggenheim to be able to live in the USA during the war. Guggenheim frequently preferred other men and they seperated in 1943. In 1946 he married the painter Dorothea Tanning and they lived in Arizona before returning to France in 1953. In 1956 he became a member of the Academy of Berlin.

Family
• Wife: Aurenche, Marie-Berthe (1927-1936)

Related persons
• has a connection with Arp, Hans
• was a friend of Éluard, Paul
• knew Grosz, George

Sources
Schilderkunst van A tot Z, REBO, Lisse, 1990

Images

'Microbe vu à travers un tempérament'.
(1964)
Picture by Pat/Androom (Jun 1998)

 

The niche of Max Ernst at the columbarium at Père Lachaise, Paris.
Picture by Androom (28 Aug 2001)

 


Ertl, Dominik

Published: 1 Jan 2006
Last update: 12 Apr 2015